Perhaps: 1. The soul is not a substance, a harmony in the body 2. The soul, while a substance, is not immortal
Therefore the soul will outlast the body
It seems like the harmony is the lyre as the divine is to the mortal.
But the harmony doesn’t outlast the lyre.
Even if the soul preexists the body, that’s no proof that it will outlast the body (or outlast a series of bodies)
Critique of Greek Natural Science.
Basic structure: Identify Material Principles, Efficient Principles of things.
Explain traits and change in terms of forms.
Does this do any better on 1-3?
Some traits of things are to be explained by “specialized” forms or form-like things.
The person is sick because they have a fever.
The person is alive because they have a soul.
A fever can’t be healthy—because feverishness (formally) explains sickness.
A soul can’t be dead—because having a soul (formally) explains being alive.
Beautiful Mansions by a river for the virtuous
Tartarus for the vicious
I do not mean to affirm that the description which I have given of the soul and her mansions is exactly true—a man of sense ought hardly to say that. But I do say that, inasmuch as the soul is shown to be immortal, [one] may venture to think, not improperly or unworthily, that something of this kind is true.