Rich, attended by slaves. Well educated.
By reputation, a miserable human being.
Most famous layabout in Athens.
Arguably, first western philosopher in the modern sense.
Proviso about theory construction:
Socrates claims not to know anything.
Meno: Can virtue be taught?
Soc: What is virtue?
Arguably main theme of the Meno.
M. wants to know if virtue can be taught.
S. wants to start from definitions, like a geometer.
Virtue of young, of old...
"Justice is virtue"
You call these many things by one single name, and say they are figures, every one of them... tell me what is that which which comprises round and straight alike, and which you call figure
Not clear Meno gets it.
To desire what's honorable and be able to get it.
Soc. replies with first major argument of the Dialogue
We all desire (to posess, in some sense) the good.
Ergo, what you desire, you think good.
Show's Meno's definition is too broad
Very well, procuring gold and silver is virtue, according to Meno, Ancestral friend of the Great King.
Subtle sarcasm here?
Justly procuring gold and silver
Meno gives a famous argument at this point.
Ergo, you can't try to figure out what things are.
Underlying issue: How is conceptual analysis possible?
Either you know what the concept involves, and there's no point, or you don't, and you don't really possess the concept
The soul has learned all things, and there is no reason we should not, by remembering one single thing---an act which men call learning---discover everything else
Ergo, what things are can be learned by reflection on appropriate questions.
Part of the process is sweeping away false opinion.
He would have been all to ready to suppose he was right in saying, before any number of people any number of times, that the double space must have a line of double its length for its side.
Ergo, virtue is wholly or partly wisdom
If so, where are the teachers?
Reading: Rest of Meno, ...